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Information about character(s)

Radical:
Radical Strokes: 14
Additional Strokes: 3
Total Strokes: 17
Simplified Form:
Variants:

Pronunciation

Pinyin: zhāi
Cantonese: zaai1 zai1
JapaneseKun: MONOIMI TSUTSUSHIMU
JapaneseOn: SAI SHI
Korean: CAY

Dictionary definitions

Unicode: vegetarian diet; study; to fast, abstain

CE-Dict: to fast or abstain from meat, wine etc/vegetarian diet/study room/building/to give alms (to a monk)

Soothill: To reverence: abstinence; to purify as by fasting, or abstaining, e.g. from flesh food; religious or abstinential duties, or times; upavasatha (उपवसथ) (uposatha (उपोसथ)), a fast; the ritual period for food, i.e. before noon; a room for meditation, a study, a building, etc., devoted to abstinence, chastity, or the Buddhist religion; mourning (for parents).

21 Century bidirectional dictionary: 1.a vegetarian diet
2.[Formal] a room used for study

朗道漢英字典 - Lang Dao: fast; give alms; room

懶蟲簡明漢英詞典: fast; give alms; room

說文解字 - Shuowen: 《示部》齋 戒,潔也。从示,齊省聲。

康熙字典文字版 【亥集下】【齊字部】 齋
【廣韻】側皆切【集韻】【韻會】【正韻】莊皆切,𠀤債平聲。【正韻】潔也,莊也,恭也。【廣雅】齋,敬也。【禮·祭統】齋之爲言齊也。【易·繫辭】聖人以此齋戒。【註】洗心曰齋。 又【後漢·輿服志】有齋冠曰長冠。 又燕居之室曰齋。 又【集韻】【正韻】𠀤津私切,音貲。【孟子】齋疏之服。【趙岐註】卽齋縗也。音資。 又【易·履卦】得其資斧。【子夏傳】作齊斧。虞喜志林云:當作齋。齋戒入廟而受斧也。 又叶眞而切,音支。【後漢·周澤傳】生世不諧,作太常妻,一年三百六十日,三百五十九日齋。○按《說文》示齊爲齋。示,明也,祗也。齊者,萬物之潔齊也。洪武《正韻》云:古單作齊,後人于其下加立心,以別之耳。

Foguang Dictionary of Buddhism (佛光大辭典)  又作齋襯。齋,即齋食;福ㄨdaks!in!a^ ,達福□□床際□□蛑桿布施之物,或謂僧為回報施財物而說法。齋福□蘇□付字並舉,即供養齋食,並布施金錢、財物等。﹝禪苑清規卷四延壽堂主淨頭條﹞

Ding Fubao - Dictionary for Buddhist Studies (丁福保:佛學大辭典) (術語)又作時。齋食,時食也。齋者謂不過中食,正午以前所作之食事也。戒律上,于食分時非時,正午以前為正時,以後為非時。時者宜食,非時者不宜食。因而時中之食為齋食。字典曰:“齋戒也敬也。”是通于一切。梵名烏哺沙他,又曰布薩,Upavasatha,巴Uposatha,說式也。清淨之義。後轉曰齋曰時。正指不過中食之法。守之曰持齋。是為齋之本義。然後又一轉而為不為肉食。此因大乘教之本意,置重禁肉食,遂曰持齋者,禁肉食也。精進雲者,惟不肉食之事也。寄歸傳三曰:“時非時,且如時經所說,自應別是會機。然四部律文皆以午時為正,若影過線許,即曰非時。”起世經七曰:“烏晡沙他,隋言增上,謂受持齋法,增上善根。”起世因本經七曰:“烏晡沙他,隋言受齋,亦雲增長。”多論一曰:“齋法以過中不食為體。”

(雜名)齋者齋食,剛呤□鏌病

陳義孝佛學常見辭彙 1.正午以前的飯食。2.蔬食。

Buddhism words and phrases (term) purify


(term) purify

CF-Dict: jeûner/régime végétarien

Han-De-Dict: Stube, Zimmer, Atelier, Künstlerwerkstatt (u.E.) (S); Bsp.: 書齋 书斋 -- Studierzimmer/vegetarisches Essen (u.E.) (S); Bsp.: 吃齋 吃斋 -- sich von pflanzlicher Koste ernähren, vegetarisch essen/vegetarisches Essen ( nach den religiösen Regeln z.B. Buddhimus ) (u.E.) (S, Rel); Bsp.: 吃齋 吃斋 -- sich von pflanzlicher Koste ernähren, vegetarisch essen/fasten (u.E.) (V, Rel); Bsp.: 齋戒 斋戒 -- fasten, Fasten